Due to the complexity of the Venezuelan migratory and refugee phenomenon, it is necessary to clearly identify the particularities and specific vulnerabilities that this international displacement is generating. In this sense, this advocacy tool identifies the relevant international obligations regarding migrants and refugees, the challenges in the area of human rights, and the specific actions required to respond to this situation with a human rights-based approach. Following the identification of the most pressing needs that the Venezuelan human mobility phenomenon entails, it is possible to make concrete appeals to governments and the international community and to develop targeted and specific advocacy strategies by civil society.